Wednesday, March 21, 2007


The Lorain County Board of Health confirmed this afternoon that a 4 year old Elyria Preschool student has a case of Bacterial Meningitis. The child is improving and the illness, according to Health Officials, does not appear to be life threatening.

Class Time
Meningitis is an infection of the fluid in the spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. Meningitis is usually caused by an infection with a virus or a bacterium. It is important for Health Officials to know if the Meningitis has been caused by; a virus or a bacterium because of the difference in the seriousness of the illness and the treatment required.

VIRAL MENINGITIS is usually considered relatively mild. It clears up within a week or two without specific treatment. Viral meningitis is also called aseptic meningitis.

BACTERIAL MENINGITIS is much more serious. It can cause severe disease that can result in brain damage and even death.

Signs and Symptoms
In persons over age 2, common symptoms are high fever, headache, and stiff neck. These symptoms can develop over several hours, or they may take 1 to 2 days. Other symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light, confusion, and sleepiness. In advanced disease, bruises develop under the skin and spread quickly.
In newborns and infants, the typical symptoms of fever, headache, and neck stiffness may be hard to detect. Other signs in babies might be inactivity, irritability, vomiting, and poor feeding.
As the disease progresses, patients of any age can have seizures.

Who is at risk for bacterial meningitis?
Anyone can get bacterial meningitis, but it is most common in infants and children. People who have had close or prolonged contact with a patient with meningitis caused by Neisseria Meningitis or HIB can also be at increased risk. This includes people in the same household or day-care center, or anyone with direct contact with discharges from a meningitis patient's mouth or nose.

To read more about Bacterial Meningitis: CLICK HERE


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